Windows XP- Summary




Summary

 Microsoft designed Windows XP to be an extensible, portable operating system —one able to take advantage of new techniques and hardware. Windows XP supports multiple operating environments and symmetric multiprocessing, including both 32-bit and 64-bit processors and NUMA computers.

Topics You May Be Interested In
Interprocess Communication Networking In Windows Xp
Operating System Generation What Is Ibm Os/360?
Swap Space Management Implementing Real-time Operating Systems
Deadlock Characteristics Mutual Exclusion
Stateful Versus Stateless Service Programmer Interface

Windows XP- Summary

The use of kernel objects to provide basic services, along with support for client-server computing, enables Windows XP to support a wide variety of application environments.

Topics You May Be Interested In
Distributed Operating Systems System Model
Multiprocessor Systems Afs - Andrew File System
Direct Memory Access The Operating System
Operating System Services Multimedia- Network Management
Deadlock Avoidance What Is Election Algorithms ?

For instance, Windows XP can run programs compiled for MS-DOS, Windowsl6, Windows 95, Windows XP, and POSIX. It provides virtual memory, integrated caching, and preemptive scheduling.

Windows XP supports a security model stronger than those of previous Microsoft operating systems and includes internationalization features.

Topics You May Be Interested In
Various Operating System Services Directory Implementation
Operating System Structure Revocation Of Access Rights
Monitors Networking In Windows Xp
Segmentation Overview Of Mass Storage Structure
User Os Interface, Command Interpreter, And Graphical User Interfaces Distributed System

Windows XP runs on a wide variety of computers, so users can choose and upgrade hardware to match their budgets and performance requirements without needing to alter the applications they run.



Frequently Asked Questions

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Ans: Summary Disk drives are the major secondary-storage I/O devices on most computers. Most secondary storage devices are either magnetic disks or magnetic tapes. Modern disk drives are structured as a large one-dimensional array of logical disk blocks which is usually 512 bytes. Disks may be attached to a computer system in one of two ways: (1) using the local I/O ports on the host computer or (2) using a network connection such as storage area networks. view more..
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Ans: Summary It is desirable to be able to execute a process whose logical address space is larger than the available physical address space. Virtual memory is a technique that enables us to map a large logical address space onto a smaller physical memory. Virtual memory allowr s us to run extremely large processes and to raise the degree of multiprogramming, increasing CPU utilization. Further, it frees application programmers from worrying about memory availability. In addition, with virtual memory, several processes can share system libraries and memory. view more..
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Ans: Summary CPU scheduling is the task of selecting a waiting process from the ready queue and allocating the CPU to it. The CPU is allocated to the selected process by the dispatcher. First-come, first-served (FCFS) scheduling is the simplest scheduling algorithm, but it can cause short processes to wait for very long processes. Shortestjob-first (SJF) scheduling is provably optimal, providing the shortest average waiting time. Implementing SJF scheduling is difficult, however, because predicting the length of the next CPU burst is difficult. view more..
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Ans: Microsoft designed Windows XP to be an extensible, portable operating system —one able to take advantage of new techniques and hardware. Windows XP supports multiple operating environments and symmetric multiprocessing, including both 32-bit and 64-bit processors and NUMA computers. view more..
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Ans: Summary A deadlock state occurs when two or more processes are waiting indefinitely for an event that can be caused only by one of the waiting processes. There are three principal methods for dealing with deadlocks: • Use some protocol to prevent or avoid deadlocks, ensuring that the system, will never enter a deadlock state. • Allow the system to enter a deadlock state, detect it, and then recover. • Ignore the problem altogether and pretend that deadlocks never occur in the system. The third solution is the one used by most operating systems, including UNIX and Windows view more..
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Ans: Summary A process is a program in execution. As a process executes, it changes state. The state of a process is defined by that process's current activity. Each process may be in one of the following states: new, ready, running, waiting, or terminated. view more..
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Ans: Summary A file is an abstract data type defined and implemented by the operating system. It is a sequence of logical records. A logical record may be a byte, a line (of fixed or variable length), or a more complex data item. The operating system may specifically support various record types or may leave that support to the application program. view more..
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Ans: Summary Memory-management algorithms for multiprogrammed operating systems range from the simple single-user system approach to paged segmentation. The most important determinant of the method used in a particular system is the hardware provided. view more..




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